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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 109-112

Incisors' proportions in smile esthetics


Department of Preventive Dental Science, Orthodontic Division, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Waeil Batwa
Department of Preventive Dental Science, Orthodontic Division, King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 80209, Jeddah - 21589
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-0203.119685

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Aims: To determine whether alteration of the maxillary central and lateral incisors' length and width, respectively, would affect perceived smile esthetics and to validate the most esthetic length and width, respectively, for the central and lateral incisors. Materials and Methods: Photographic manipulation was undertaken to produce two sets of photographs, each set of four photographs showing the altered width of the lateral incisor and length of the central length. The eight produced photographs were assessed by laypeople, dentists and orthodontists. Results: Alteration in the incisors' proportion affected the relative smile attractiveness for laypeople (n=124), dentists (n=115) and orthodontists (n=68); dentists and orthodontists did not accept lateral width reduction of more than 0.5 mm (P<0.01), which suggests that the lateral to central incisor width ratio ranges from 54% to 62%. However, laypeople did not accept lateral width reduction of more than 1 mm (P<0.01), widening the range to be from 48% to 62%. All groups had zero tolerance for changes in central crown length (P<0.01). Conclusion: All participants recognized that the central incisors' length changes. For lateral incisors, laypeople were more tolerant than dentists and orthodontists. This suggests that changing incisors' proportions affects the relative smile attractiveness.


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