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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 137-141

Mechanical properties of cobalt-chromium wires compared to stainless steel and β-titanium wires


1 PhD Student, Universitätsklinikums, Bonn, 53111, Germany
2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Aleppo, Syria
3 Faculty of Dentistry, University of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria
4 Division of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2E1, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tarek El-Bialy
7-020D Katz Group Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2E1
Canada
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-0203.143237

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Background: Previous studies have reported on mechanical properties of different orthodontic wires. However, there is a paucity of information that comparing the mechanical properties of Blue Elgiloy (BE) when compared to stainless steel and TMA, as finishing wires as received by different companies. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties of BE wires compared to stainless steel (SS) and titanium Molybdenum alloy (TMA) also known as β titanium as provided by two companies. Materials and Methods: Six 0.016" x 0.022"-14mm-samples of each wire were fixed individually to Instron machine and were tested in loading and unloading for three times. The initial load was set for 500 Kg at a speed of 1mm/min and displacement was adjusted for (0.5, 1mm in loading and 0.5 mm unloading at 25°C). Statistics Analysis: Variables were compared between groups by ANOVA test using SPSS statistical software. Results: BE shows comparable forces to SS when loaded 0.5 and showed decreased forces in 1mm loading compared to SS, and higher than TMA. BE also showed no forces at unloading and high deformation. Conclusion: BE from the two companies showed comparable mechanical properties while SS and TMA were different. The deformation of BE and its decreased forces in unloading may limit its clinical use.


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