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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6

Comparative tomographic study of the maxillary central incisor collum angle between Class I, Class II, division 1 and 2 patients


1 School of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Post-Graduate Program in Orthodontics, Guarulhos University, Guarulhos, Brazil
2 College of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 School of Dentistry, Division of Orthodontics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Murilo Fernando Neuppmann Feres
School of Dentistry, Post-Graduate Program in Orthodontics, Guarulhos University, Guarulhos
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jos.JOS_84_17

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INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that Class II, division 2 maxillary central incisors frequently demonstrate increased collum angles, which indicates an excessive palatal “bend” of the crown. However, evidence supporting such observation is mostly derived from radiographic studies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the collum angle of maxillary central incisors in Class I, Class II, division 1, and Class II, division 2 cases using cone-beam computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight consecutive orthodontic cases (16 Class I, 16 Class II, division 1, and 16 Class II, division 2 malocclusion) with cone-beam computed tomography as part of their initial diagnostic records were evaluated. Cross-sections including maxillary right and left central incisors were used to calculate the angulation between the crown and root long axes (collum angle). Comparisons between groups were performed using analysis of variance for multiple and post-hoc Tukey for paired analyses. RESULTS: Mean collum angle observed in Class II, division 2 cases was significantly larger (5.2 ± 1.3°) than the ones obtained for Class I (1.1 ± 4.2°) (P = 0.034) or Class II, division 1 cases (0.1 ± 0.7°) (P = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that Class II, division 2 individuals demonstrate accentuated lingual inclination of the maxillary central incisor crown compared to the other types of malocclusion studied here. Such morphological feature indicates the need for better tooth movement planning, especially in regard to root palatal torqueing of the maxillary central incisors.


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