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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 115-119

Mixed dentition analysis in Libyan schoolchildren

1 Department of Orthodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya
2 The Multispecialty Dental Clinic, Porvorim, Bardez, Goa, India

Correspondence Address:
Iman Bugaighis
Department of Orthodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, Benghazi University, P.O. Box - 595, Benghazi, Libya

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0203.123197

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Objectives: The primary aim of the present study was to assess the applicability of Tanaka and Johnston and Moyers' methods of prediction in Libyan subjects and secondary aim was to develop a new prediction method for the examined population if required. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised 343 Libyan schoolchildren with age ranged from 12 to 17 years; 169 males age matched with 174 females, all with no craniofacial abnormalities and orthodontically untreated. The mesiodistal (MD) tooth widths were measured and compared with the estimated values derived from Tanaka and Johnston equations and from Moyers' probability tables at 35%, 50% and 75% respectively using Paired t-tests. The constants a and b in the linear regression equation (y = a + bx), the correlation coefficient, the coefficient of determination and the standard errors of estimate were computed. Results: Significant sexual dimorphism in lower incisors mesiodistal width was observed. There were significant discrepancies between the current measurements and those estimated from Tanaka and Johnston's equation and Moyers' tables. New linear regression equations were derived for both sexes to allow precise prediction for Libyan subjects. The correlation coefficients between the total MD width of the mandibular permanent incisors and that of the maxillary and mandibular canines and premolars were found to be 0.66 and 0.68 for males and 0.57 and 0.58 in females, respectively. Conclusions: It appears that there is a limitation in the application of Tanaka and Johnston's equation and Moyers' methods to Libyan subjects. The developed prediction equation is more accurate for predicting the MD widths of unerupted canine and premolars of Libyan population.

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