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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 95-105

Can orthodontic relapse be blamed on the temporomandibular joint?

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; Department of Orthodontics, Texas A and M University Health Science Center, Baylor College of Dentistry; Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Larry M Wolford
3409 Worth St. Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75246
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0203.143227

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There are many temporomandibular joint (TMJ) conditions that can cause orthodontic treatment instability and relapse. These conditions are often associated with dentofacial deformities, malocclusion, TMJ pain, headaches, myofascial pain, TMJ and jaw functional impairment, ear symptoms, etc., Many of these TMJ conditions can cause progressive and continuous changes in the occlusion and jaw relationships. Patients with these conditions may benefit from corrective orthodontic and surgical intervention. The difficulty for many clinicians may lie in identifying the presence of a TMJ condition, diagnosing the specific TMJ pathology, and selecting the proper treatment for that condition. This paper will discuss the most common TMJ pathologies that can adversely affect orthodontic stability and outcomes as well as present the treatment considerations to correct the specific TMJ conditions and associated jaw deformities to provide stable and predictable treatment results.

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