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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-25

In vitro assessment of competency for different lingual brackets in sliding mechanics

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College Hospital, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Cudallore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
N Kurunji Kumaran
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College Hospital, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Cudallore - 608 002, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0203.149612

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Aim: To determine the static frictional resistance of different lingual brackets at different second order angulations when coupled with stainless steel (SS) archwire in dry and wet conditions. Materials and Methods: Using a modified jig, frictional resistance was evaluated under different conditions for a total of 270 upper premolar lingual brackets (0.018″ × 0.025″ - conventional - 7 th generation and STb, self-ligating - evolution) with no in-built tip or torque together with 0.016″ × 0.022″ straight length SS archwires. For conventional brackets, the archwire was secured with 0.008″ preformed SS short ligature ties. Statistical Analysis: One way analysis of variance with Tukey HSD as post-hoc test was applied for degree wise and bracket wise comparison within dry condition and wet condition. For pair wise comparison Student's t-test was used. Results: Under both conditions the static frictional resistance is significantly higher for self-ligating brackets at 0°, while at 5° and 10° it is higher for 7 th generation brackets. Statistically, significant difference does not exist at 0° between conventional brackets and the same was found at 5° and 10° between STb and self-ligating brackets. With an increase in second order angulations, all the evaluated samples exhibited an increased frictional value. Wet condition samples obtained a higher value than their corresponding dry condition. Conclusion: The self-ligating bracket evaluated in this in vitro study is not beneficial in reducing friction during en-mass retraction due to its interactive clip type.

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