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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-70

An evaluation of oral health-related quality of life in orthodontic patients treated with fixed and twin blocks appliances

Department of Dental Surgery, Faculty of Dental Surgery, University of Malta Medical School, Mater Dei Hospital, Malta

Correspondence Address:
Emad EM Alzoubi
Department of Dental Surgery, Faculty of Dental Surgery, University of Malta Medical School, Mater Dei Hospital
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.JOS_124_16

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Objective: To study the impact of orthodontic treatment on the quality of life in two patient groups, one treated with the twin block appliance and the other with fixed appliances. Materials and Methods: Ninety-eight patients, aged between 10 and 16 years, were recruited in the fixed (20 males and 29 females) or functional (29 males and 20 females) treatment groups. The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) was measured before treatment and followed up at the end of the treatment. The instrument used to measure OHRQoL was a modified self-administered short version of the English Oral Health Impact profile (OHIP-16[E]) questionnaire. Results: OHRQoL worsened at the initial stages of the treatment. The overall score of OHRQoL reduced significantly at the end of the treatment in both groups. Both groups showed comparable improvements in OHRQoL as the treatment progressed (analysis of variance test P = 0.05). Conclusions: The OHRQoL patterns, during the treatment with fixed and twin block appliances, were very similar. This suggests that the functional appliance's impact on the QoL may be overestimates by clinicians. OHRQoL improved significantly with both fixed and functional appliances by the end of the treatment. The OHRQoL trends observed during the study can be communicated to patients and used to increase patients' compliance since they are made aware of the whole treatment process.

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