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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13

Effects of force magnitude on torque control in the correction of bimaxillary protrusion with mass retraction

Department of Orthodontics, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Lang Lei
Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.JOS_65_17

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OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to explore whether force magnitude would influence incisor torque control and the overall outcome in patients with bimaxillary protrusion who need mass incisor retraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one female patients (aged > 15 years) with bimaxillary protrusion requiring mass incisor retraction were selected. Two sliding mechanics were utilized, with the elastic group receiving a light force of ~100 g by wearing elastics and the power chain group receiving a moderate force of ~250 g by power chain. Lateral cephalograms obtained before and after treatment were traced and measured. RESULTS: Patients in both groups displayed maxillary protrusion with a similar skeletal class II tendency. A longer treatment time was found in the elastic group. No difference in the distance of incisor tip movement was observed between the two groups; however, a larger inclination of upper incisors was found in the elastic group, indicating less loss of torque. In addition, larger reduction in Sella-Nasion-A and A-Nasion-B angle was observed in the elastic group, which was accompanied by a larger ratio of upper lip retraction to upper incisor retraction as well as more upper lip retraction. CONCLUSIONS: Sliding mechanics with elastics to generate light forces can achieve better torque control with more reduction in skeletal and soft tissue protrusion.

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