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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6

Associations between malocclusion and self-esteem among Persian adolescent papulation

Department of Orthodontic, School of Dentistry, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tahereh Baherimoghadam
Medical Building, Sattarkhan Avenue, Shiraz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.JOS_23_19

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OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of malocclusion on the self-esteem of adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 496 student aged between 12 and 14 tears old living in Shiraz city. The level of self-esteem was determined using the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES). To assess the degree of malocclusion, Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need- Dental Health Component (IOTN-DHC) was used. The Spearman's correlation coefficient was calculated to assess the correlation of malocclusion and self-esteem. The mean of IOTN-DHC and total score of RSES in different age groups were analyzed using the Kruskal–Wallis test. The mean IOTN-DHC and total score of RSES were compared between the two municipal districts and males and females using the Wilcoxon test and independent t-test, respectively. RESULTS: A significant but weak correlation was noted between IOTN-DHC and self-esteem (r = 115/0, P = 04/0), while IOTN-DHC subscale: space shortage, dental missing, overjet, overbite, and crossbite had nonsignificant correlation with self-esteem. The socioeconomic status of adolescents significantly affected their self-esteem (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Weakly significant correlation between mild malocclusion and dental self-esteem.

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