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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33

Assessment of mandibular asymmetry in different skeletal malocclusions and vertical patterns in adult individuals: A cone-beam computed tomography study

Department of Preventive Dental Science, College of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center; Ministry of the National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Nora Alhazmi
Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Prince Mutib Ibn Abdullah Ibn Abdulaziz Rd., Ar Rimayah, Riyadh 14611
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.jos_112_22

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OBJECTIVES: The study aims to measure the mandibular condylar height (CH), ramus height (RH), total height (CH+RH), asymmetry index, and condylar volume (Cvol) in individuals with different anteroposterior and vertical skeletal discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of 131 subjects (60 females and 71 males) with a mean age of 35.06 ± 12.79 years. Pre-existing CBCT images were divided into groups according to the anteroposterior and vertical skeletal discrepancies. The investigator analyzed the data using t-tests to assess the mandibular bilateral sides of the individuals and gender differences. The mean difference between groups was determined using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The Chi-square test was used to study the association between the asymmetry index and groups. RESULTS: Each individual's bilateral sides exhibited statistically significant differences in CH, RH, and Cvol (P = 0.033, P = 0.039, P = 0.005, respectively), but not in CH+RH (P = 0.458). There were, however, statistically significant gender differences in CH+RH (P < 0.001). Skeletal Class III and hypodivergent groups revealed the highest linear and volumetric values compared to other groups. The asymmetry index was increased in CH (P = 0.006) and Cvol (P = 0.002) in skeletal Class II subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences in CH, RH, and Cvol were found on the right and left sides of the same individual. This study found increased linear and volumetric values in males, skeletal Class III, and hypodivergent subjects. Class II individuals had an increased CH and Cvol asymmetry index. This study highlights in-depth knowledge of mandibular asymmetry, which is extremely important to achieve an accurate diagnosis and provide the best treatment outcome.

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