Year : 2015 | Volume
: 4 | Issue : 4 | Page : 113--117
Effect of acid etching on bond strength of nanoionomer as an orthodontic bonding adhesive
Saba Khan, Sanjeev K Verma, Sandhya Maheshwari
Department of Orthodontics, Dr. Z. A. Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
Aims: A new Resin Modified Glass Ionomer Cement known as nanoionomer containing nanofillers of fluoroaluminosilicate glass and nanofiller 'clusters' has been introduced. An in-vitro study aimed at evaluating shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant index (ARI) of nanoionomer under etching/unetched condition for use as an orthodontic bonding agent.
Material and Methods: A total of 75 extracted premolars were used, which were divided into three equal groups of 25 each: 1-Conventional adhesive (Enlight Light Cure, SDS, Ormco, CA, USA) was used after and etching with 37% phosphoric acid for 30 s, followed by Ortho Solo application 2-nanoionomer (Ketac™ N100, 3M, ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA) was used after etching with 37% phosphoric acid for 30 s 3-nanoionomer was used without etching. The SBS testing was performed using a digital universal testing machine (UTM-G-410B, Shanta Engineering). Evaluation of ARI was done using scanning electron microscopy. The SBS were compared using ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey test for intergroup comparisons and ARI scores were compared with Chi-square test.
Results: ANOVA (SBS, F = 104.75) and Chi-square (ARI, Chi-square = 30.71) tests revealed significant differences between groups (P < 0.01). The mean (SD) SBS achieved with conventional light cure adhesive was significantly higher (P < 0.05) (10.59 ± 2.03 Mpa, 95% CI, 9.74-11.41) than the nanoionomer groups (unetched 4.13 ± 0.88 Mpa, 95% CI, 3.79-4.47 and etched 9.32 ± 1.87 Mpa, 95% CI, 8.58-10.06). However, nanoionomer with etching, registered SBS in the clinically acceptable range of 5.9–7.8 MPa, as suggested by Reynolds (1975). The nanoionomer groups gave significantly lower ARI values than the conventional adhesive group.
Conclusion: Based on this in-vitro study, nanoionomer with etching can be successfully used as an orthodontic bonding agent leaving less adhesive remnant on enamel surface, making cleaning easier. However, in-vivo studies are needed to confirm the validity of present findings.
Department of Orthodontics, Dr. Z. A. Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
|How to cite this article:|
Khan S, Verma SK, Maheshwari S. Effect of acid etching on bond strength of nanoionomer as an orthodontic bonding adhesive.J Orthodont Sci 2015;4:113-117
|How to cite this URL:|
Khan S, Verma SK, Maheshwari S. Effect of acid etching on bond strength of nanoionomer as an orthodontic bonding adhesive. J Orthodont Sci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Dec 4 ];4:113-117
Available from: https://www.jorthodsci.org/article.asp?issn=2278-0203;year=2015;volume=4;issue=4;spage=113;epage=117;aulast=Khan;type=0